Analine Dyed Leather
Lovers of truly natural products are particularly fond of these leathers: their unequaled, glove-soft texture adds an extra dimension of comfort to your sofa or chair. To create this luxurious softness and the rich gem-like color, aniline dyed leathers are tumbled for up to 12 hours in drums containing clear, transparent dyes. These dyes enhance the subtle variations of each hide. All leathers get better over time, but aniline dyed leathers develop a truly beautiful, distinctive patina which adds to its value as a focal point in your home. Only premium hides with the most pleasing color and texture are selected for this category, less than 5% of all upholstery hides in the world. Many grades of leather, from all tanneries, are aniline dyed and natural.
Also referred to as "Aniline Plus," these leathers are first dyed in the penetrating aniline dyes. Then a topcoat is applied to even out the color of the hide surface. The topcoat also serves to create fading, and soil resistant pieces. Semi-aniline leathers are available in hundreds of colors. They retain a great amount of the softness of aniline dyed hides because the natural top grain is left intact.. A much larger proportion of the worldwide hide supply is suitable for this class of leather and as a result they are more moderately priced than pure aniline dyed hides.
Corrected Grain Leather
Many hides are very marred by naturally occurring imperfections or "'thumbprints" such as insect bites, barbed wire scars, scrapes and other defects. To remove these imperfections, corrected Grain leathers are first sanded or buffed then usually embossed to restore a natural looking grain pattern. Finally, additional color and a protective coating is applied. Some natural softness is sacrificed in the process, but the great number of hides that fit this category make this the most economical grade of top grain leather furniture and extremely resistant to stains and fading.
Full Grain Leather
Top-grain leather in its natural state (not corrected or buffed), including the "beauty marks" or "thumbprints of nature” which make each hide unique.
Top Grain Leather
The top, outermost, strongest, most durable part of the hide. Very durable because there are no consistent fiber patterns along which the hide can tear. The natural fibers run in all directions. a property of very strong materials. Full grain leather is always top grain.
Split Grain Leather
The lower layer of the hide, cut away when getting to the top-grain. less strength and overall durability because the fibers in split-grain leather run in one direction allowing a crack or tear to possibly form. The placement and usage of "splits" is important for the durability and quality of the product.
The process used to preserve hides. These are pigmented with chromium salts, which change the hide's chemical structure, preserving it for a lifetime.
To form a natural-looking leather pattern by using a pressure plate. Most very protected leathers are corrected grain leathers: they are sanded and/or buffed. Then may be embossed to replace the lost pattern seen in natural leather.